- Muhammad Fareez Iqmal
In this article, I'm going to share on how you can log in to the captive portal with just one click. No web browser is needed, so we can save our time without typing down the username and password everytime we need to use the internet.
If you have no idea about what is captive portal etc., do have read the first part of this article.
We understand that by making a POST request with correct credentials will authenticate ourselves to Wi-Fi. So, the idea is to make a shortcut that can make the request.
We are going to use a Powershell script since it has a method
Invoke-Request to make the http requests.
Preparing a Powershell script using Powershell ISE
First, open Windows Powershell ISE.
A new empty file will appear (if not, go to
Open Insomnia, right-click on your request and click on Generate code.
From the language dropdown, choose Powershell and select Invoke-WebRequest
Here is the example of mine:
$session = New-Object Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.WebRequestSession $cookie = New-Object System.Net.Cookie $cookie.Name = 'CPsession' $cookie.Value = 'login%26ip%3D10%2E121%2E180%2E153' $cookie.Domain = 'captiveportalmahallahgombak.iium.edu.my' $session.Cookies.Add($cookie) $response = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri 'https://captiveportalmahallahgombak.iium.edu.my/cgi-bin/login' -Method POST -WebSession $session -ContentType 'undefined' -Body 'user=191XXX&password=MYPASSWORD&cmd=authenticate&Login=Log%2BIn'
Some characters are automatically url-encoded. Be sure to change it to normal encoding. Example: Your password is
s@ample, but in insomnia, it becomes
s%40mple. Be sure to edit it to become the original text.
Test the script by clicking on the Run script button on the ribbon bar. The output will be shown on the console below it.
As you might notice, our first attempt didn't go well. From the error message, it doesn't like the
-ContentType 'undefined' being undefined. So, remove that. Then, re-run the script again.
The console shows no error anymore, which is good. But it's not showing any message to indicate it is successful or negative.
I figured it by leaving the
Invoke-WebRequestcommand alone, the script works. Remove all the code before the
Invoke-WebRequest as shown below. Also delete the
-WebSession $session in
The script above ended up looking like this pattern:
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri '<REQUESTURL>' -Method <METHOD> -Body '<BODY>'
- REQUESTURL: The server URL.
- BODY: Request body. It contain your username, password etc.
- METHOD: POST, GET, etc.
Re-run the script.
Successful request! As shown from the response above, it shows status code of 200 (which is good). Now, test the internet connection using the browser.
Save the file, take note the folder and filename you save into. I save it in Documents folder as
Create powershell .ps1 shortcut
Next, we need to create a shortcut to run the powershell script directly. Start by copying the full path to your .ps1 script we saved earlier.
Go to the Desktop to create a new shortcut. Right click, select New > Shortcut. A new Create Shortcut window will appear. Enter the following:
powershell.exe -noexit -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -File <SCRIPT_PATH>
Where SCRIPT_PATH is the path you've copied earlier.
Click Next, feel free to name the shortcut whatever you want. Then, click Finish. A new shortcut will appear.
Run the shortcut
Next time, you can log in to Wi-Fi quickly by just clicking the shortcut.
Download HTTP Request Shortcut app from Google Play Store.
The app also offers desktop (web-based) editing feature. It allows you modify the data in the browser and sync it to your phone. Detail: https://http-shortcuts.rmy.ch/editor/#/
From Insomnia, right-click at the request entry and click Copy as Curl.
Transfer the copied item to your phone (using Telegram etc.). Then, open the app and click on the Add shortcut button.
When the dialog opens, select the Import from cURL Command. Paste the item in the input box.
Then, click the Import button. A new Create Shortcut window will appear. Give it the name, icons, and description as you wish.
After that, click the Save button. The shortcut will now appear in the app. Tap once to test if it is working.
In case where the wifi login failed, play around with the advanced settings in the app
In my case, before enabling this setting, it cannot successfully authenticate with the server. Go to Advanced Technical Settings, then, check the box that says Accept any certificate.
Done 🎉. You can create a home-screen shortcut for easy access. Next time you want to log in to the Wi-Fi, just tap the shortcut.
Update 11/9/22: I recently update my device to Android 12, and this method no longer works. 🥲
Well, it can still works but need an additional step:
- Tap the Sign in to the network notification
- Tap the three-dot menu button
- Tap Use this network as is option
- Then, use the http shortcut that we setup earlier
Relevant xkcd explaining the situation:
That's it, now you know on how to log in to Wi-Fi captive portal without 'entering' the captive portal. You can further customize to improve your workflow. For example, set the script to run every time your computer boots, so that you'll have continuous access to the Wi-Fi network.
(Bonus) As you might notice, the speed of the powershell script is quite slow. I made another script using Dart, and compiled it to the native binary. It runs significantly faster as in the GIF below ⚡. Create one for yourself now here.